Portsmouth music scene

THE FIFTIES


50

IN THE Fifties, popular music, like thejet engine which revolutionised flying and shrank the globe - took, off with unstoppable force. The pace of develoment was astounding. Standards of living rose in dramatic fashion, creating a vast consumer society with increased time for leisure and a greater appetite 'for entertainment. The concept of the " teenager " emerged, free of responsibilities and becoming frequently bored and prone to identity crisis as a result.
They could celebrate their freedom however and identify themselves with new crazes in pop music. Just as " flappers " outraged society in the Twenties with The Charleston and syncopated dance music, so teenagers were to cause despair in the Fifties, as they became first " hipsters " then " beatniks," or just " crazy mixed up kids," enamoured of progressive jazz, rock 'n' roll and hillbilly music. The post-war boom took even record companies by surprise. As they ploughed ahead with crooners and big bands, so independent record companies were seeking out black R&B performers.
It wasn't long before white kids in America were turned on to the sounds they heard on black radio stations. The Chess label recorded artists like Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters and Bo Diddley, while in Britain teenagers were making do with one pop record show a week, Sunday's Two-Way Family Favourites, an Armed Forces request show, which featured hits like Anne Shelton's "Lay Down Your Arms." But the roots of the rock 'n'roll revolution were stealthily being put down, to explode on a disbelieving world.
Music grew at a faster pace in America because of the huge network of commercial radio stations. The deejay was king, and his power eventually lead to corruption and the great payola scandal of the late Fifties, when it was revealed deejays took bribes to play certain records.
Despite the corruption inherent in the system, listeners got the kind of music they liked, whether it was R&B (on the black stations), country and western, hillbilly, jazz or pop. From the tangled skein of parallel developments it is evident that country music, founded on Nashville and the Grand Ol 'Opry and its stars, was one of the major "take-off" industries of the late Forties and Fifties. Roy Acuff was the inspiration, while the music spilled over into pop, with artists like Patti Page scoring a world-wide hit with "Tennessee Waltz." In the South, down in New Orleans, blues pianist Fats Domino was creating a sound just as unique and personal as " The Glenn Miller Sound," but based on a rolling, tumbling boogie backbeat, with Fats' cool, but funky, vocals backed up by rasping, riffy tenor saxophone.
Just as Symphony Sid, a New York deejay, had boosted jazz, so rock and roll was to find its voice and mentor in Alan Freed. Freed was a Midwest deejay who was credited with popularising the term "rock 'n' roll," although the term had cropped up in blues and jazz lyrics in previous decades. He began a "Rock And Roll Party" radio show which attracted huge listening figures, and carried away by the success began organising concerts in Cleveland featuring "rock 'n' roll." The key words "rock" and "rolling," often cropped up in R&B lyrics with obvious sexual connotations. For the first time white audiences could see black acts like the Drifters and Fats Domino.
Freed's career was to come to a sticky end in the payola scandal, but he had set the ball of white appreciation for black R&B rolling.
And those small independent record labels like Sam Phillips' Sun label in Memphis began to look for white artists who could combine the blues roots with perhaps a dash of more wholesome and palatable country. The Sun label found Elvis Presley, Roy Orbison and Jerry Lee Lewis, And another country-style bandleader, Bill Haley, switched from the Saddlemen to the Comets to introduce a brand of driving instrumental rock that was to result in a staggering deluge of hits.
ROCK 'n' roll was resented , resisted, sneered at and attacked by musicians and artists of the old school, who saw their livelihoods threatened and standards eroded, and by those of the Establishment and in authority, who saw morals undermined and discipline thwarted. They were quite right of course. Rock 'n' roll was a liberating forte and helped to break down social and racial barriers.
At the same time, great technical advances were being made. The long established 78 rpm disc was finally coming to the end of an honourable reign.
The First LP microgroove discs-had appeared in 1950. By the mid-Fifties, the microgroove 45 rpm single disc and Extended Play disc (four tracks), was beginning to edge out and finally annihilate the 78. At the same time hifidelity playback equipment was being developed and the refinements of pioneer hi-fi were being incorporated into record players which had a sapphire or diamond stylus, lightweight pick-ups, , automatic record changers and three-speed turntables with their own built-in amplifiers.
Stereophonic sound emerged at the end of the Fifties and the next revolution came when the transistor replaced the valve. Elvis fulfilled Sam Phillips' dream of a white kid who could sing hillbilly music and the blues.
He made a private record at the Sun Studios in Memphis and a year went by before proprietor Phillips decided he could use Presley on a session, backed up by the studio band.
They recorded "That's Alright Mama," a hit for Big Boy Arthur Crudup, and it was released in 1954. It was a local hit, and more records followed, drawing racial protests from those who condemned black style music. In 1955 he hit with "Baby Let's Play House" in the country chart.
As Elvis grew in popularity, the Sun label ac- quired other talents, like Johnny, Cash and Carl Perkins, and the three went on tour, with dates set by Colonel Tom Parker, an ex-circus and carnival man who later became Elvis's manager.
Elvis's sexual appeal to young white audiences swiftly became obvious as he came on with blatantly provocative stage movements.
TV and radio established Elvis as a phenomena, and his records like "Blue Suede Shoes" and "Heartbreak Hotel" sent a shiver of excitement into rock that has barely ceased in its accumulative effects for 20 years.
Bill Haley was the other great King of rock 'n' roll, a mild-mannered, avuncular figure who seemed stunned by his own success and the wild scenes that his band's performances unleashed. Surprisingly, as far back as 1953 Haley hit in the States with "Crazy Man Crazy," and he had already recorded "Rock The Joint" as a B side, which was a forerunner of "Rock Around The Clock," his huge 1955 hit.
Bill had a fantastic run of hits from "Shake, Rattle And Roll," to "Rockin' Thru The Rye," "ABC Boogie," "See You Later Alligator" and "Razzle Dazzle."
His anthem, "Clock," had been featured as the theme music for a Teenaged deliquent movie called Blackboard Jungle, screened in 1955.
A year later the tune gave the title to a harmless musical movie starring Bill Haley & The Comets. Rock Around The Clock sparked off a furore, and led to riots in cinemas in England, although the much-publicised riots were more due to press incitement than a nationwide desire to rip up cinema seats.
The effect upon the teenaged (and adult) British public of all these events in America was cataclysmic. Without any indigenous black sub-culture, and with the only broadcasting outlet firmly controlled by the conservative BBC, rock 'n' roll broke like a bombshell.
PURE pop music consisted of hits like Les Paul & Mary Ford's "How High The Moon," "Wheel Of Fortune" by Kay Starr, "Shotgun Boogie," by Tennessee Ernie Ford, "Dream Boat," by Alma Cogan, "Sixteen Tons," also by Tennessee Ernie, while the teen idols were Frankie Laine, who specialised in chest-beating ballads and sagas of the Wild West, and Johnnie Ray, who sang "Cry" and actually cried on stage, to the accompaniment of frenzied screams from his devoted fans.
Frank Sinatra was "The Voice," in the Forties, but by the Fifties was becoming a much more sophisticated swinger, backed by Nelson Riddle and Billy May.
The ballrooms of Britain were kept jumping by the sound of modern big bands, which rapidly gained confidence, ability and prestige until the birth of rock 'n' roll sounded their death knell.
Ted Heath, the brightest jewel in the British big band crown, began his career as a busker, playing the trombone outside posh hotels where later he was to front the resident bands. In 1945 he formed his own modern jazz big band and it became an immediate success. Never before had a British band achieved such precision or featured such strong soloists like Don Lusher (trombone) and Jack Parnell (drums).
From the ranks of the Heath sidemen came other prospective bandleaders: tenor saxophonist Ronnie Scott, altoist Johnny Dankworth and drummer Jack Parnell.
Dankworth rapidly gained popularity with his wife Cleo Laine as vocalist, and even gained a chart hit with the original and amusing "Experiments With Mice" in 1956.
Eric Delaney was one of the early extroverts of the local music scene, specialising in drum solos inspired by his idol Louis Benson (drummer with the Duke Ellington Orchestra), jumping on his array of tympani drums in the grand finale.
Concurrent with the bands - Ken Mackintosh, Vic Lewis, Joe Loss, Eric Winstone, Victor Silvester, Ray Ellington - who played the dance halls and late-night radio broadcasts, there was a thriving underground traditional jazz scene that climaxed and almost asphyxiated in the trad boom of the early Sixties.
In the Fifties trad was the music of the colleges, beatniks, poets, left-wingers, Ban the Bombers, and any number of mild English eccentrics.
Trad, so legend says, began not in New Orleans but the Red Barn, Barnehurst, where George Webb led his Dixielanders in the early Forties.
Humphrey Lyttelton, the trumpeter and later jazz critic and broadcaster, was one of the key figures in its development along with Ken Colyer and Chris Barber.
THE roots of the Sixties' rock revolution are to be found in the skiffle boom of 1956.
For it was then that British teenagers found they could make music of their own, as well as listen to it. It was a marvellous time for participants. The songs they chose were from the American folk blues heritage, 'copied off American records, or the successful British skiffle groups.
Schoolboys all over the country could bang out "Wreck Of The Old '97," " Wabash Cannonball," "Streamline Train," "Ella Speed" and "Goodnight Irene," on instruments ranging from cheap acoustic guitars to washboards and tea chest basses.
Hardware shops sold- out of the old-fashioned washboards, which were scraped with thimbles, and up in the attics and bedrooms the boys learned a few chords and the basis of rhythm.
Practically every British rock musician of the next decade gained his training in a skiffle group.
Lonnie Donegan gave birth to the boom with one record, the historic "Rock Island Line."
It was an enormous hit when played on the radio. Few people had heard anything like it before, and, wonder of wonders, it was a hit even in America, where Lonnie was hailed somewhat confusedly as the "Irish Hillbilly."
Oddly, Americans never seem to have heard of "skiffle."
In Britain the skiffle boom resulted in unprecedented sales in guitars, and more hits like "Don't You Rock Me Daddy-O,' 'by the Vipers Skiffle Group, and "Freight Train" by Chas McDevitt. '
Trad bands boomed as well. Humphrey Lyttelton hit with the fast boogie "Bad Penny Blues" and was chased in popularity by the Saints Jazz Band and Chris Barber, who hit with tunes like "Bobby Shafto" and "Ice Cream." But the boys in the lofts began to seek ways to amplify their acoustic skiffle guitars as their flagging enthusiasm was fired anew by the tidal wave of electric rock and roll.
Among them were young Harry Webb, who became Cliff Richard, and Terry Nelhams, then of the Worried Men skiffle group, who was to become Adam Faith. But the first British rock star was Bermondsey's Tommy Steele (real name Tommy Hicks), who hit with "Rock With The Cave man" in 1956, the first successful British attempt at producing a rock and roll sound.
Like Lonnie Donegan, Tommy was eventually to part company with rock and roll and consolidate his success by becoming a music hall style entertainer. Donegan went in for hits like "Does Your Chewing Gum Lose It's Flavour," and "My Old Man's A Dustman," while Tommy went into movies and the theatre. But for a while the latter was hailed as Britain's answer to Elvis Presley.
Our next answer was slightly more ' convincing. The sultry good looks of Cliff Richard, who had come to Britain from India as a child, and his sex appeal were put to good purpose in his first hit, a powerful rave-up, "Move It," (1958).
Cliff joined a whole gamut of British rockers, Marty Wilde, Joe Brown, Billy Fury, who toured the ballrooms and provided some in-person excitement. It was thought after the first flush of enthusiasm that rock 'n' roll would quickly die, and for a while it seemed that way.
Bill Haley, after sometimes getting three simul- taneous chart hits, was unable to repeat his 1957 run of luck, and plunged in popularity.
Elvis became more and more commercial,, his recordings losing their earthiness and R&B roots, as Col. Tom Parker groomed him for a long-lasting career in showbusiness.
The tremendous excitement of the real R&B players like Little Richard and Fats Domino seemed to wane, Artists like Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley remained unknown, except to specialist collectors in Britain.
The British teenager, unless he had access to imports, was not to know of the far-reaching spread of rhythm and blues which had thrown up dozens of solo singers and vocal groups in America, who were not to achieve recognition in Britain until several years into the Sixties.
Then they might become aware of the black movement. Acts like the Clovers, the Diamonds, the Drifters and Clyde McPhatter had hits in America which passed undetected in Britain, like the Drifters' "Money Honey," or were covered by local singers like "Sh'Boom" originally the work of the Chords.
There was La Vern Baker's "Tweedle Dee," Ray Charles' "I've Got A Woman," "Smokey Joe's Cafe," by The Robins, "Searchin'," "Young Blood," "Yakety Yak," and "Poison Ivy" by the Coasters.
Artists like Ray Charles, Ben E. King. and Carla Thomas were laying the foundations of soul. Rock 'n' roll was not dead. It was only just coming alive.
THE world of modern jazz was feeling threatened and eclipsed during this period, and never again enjoyed the mass acceptance that the pre-war dance band and wartime swing era provided. Whereas jazz musicians then could work and pass themselves off as part of the general entertainment sphere, as jazz became more an intellectual pursuit, and shut itself off from the grassroots by going into the concert halls, the musicians found themselves in a rarefied strata that was to cause pain, frustration and bitterness.
There were exceptions. Lionel Hampton's big band music retained its closeness to the blues and was even blamed by some critics for inspiring rock and roll in the first place.
The early part of the Fifties was marked by the growth of American college appreciation for the white artists spearheading the so-called "cool" school.
Pianist Dave Brubeck achieved national fame with his quartet, which featured altoist Paul Desmond, and in later years, drummer Joe Morello.
Gerry Mulligan, a brilliant baritone saxist and arranger, formed his own original piano-less quartet, featuring trumpeter Chet Baker, whose cool tone and romantic appeal seemed to qualify him for the role as successor to Bix Beiderbecke.
The Quartet, formed in 1952, created such memorable performances as "My Funny Valentine," "Soft Shoes," "Bernie's Tune," "Moonlight In Vermont," and "Bark For Barksdale." Mulligan and Brubeck epitomised the cool white jazz of the period, and the West Coast of America provided a sunny home for the lightly swinging sounds of Shorty Rogers, Art Pepper, Jimmy Giuffre, Shelly Marine, Bob Cooper, and Stan Getz.
But the most significant innovations in jazz were made by Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Lennie Tris- tano and Charles Mingus. As the stars of modern American music sold out concerts and recorded pacesetting new sounds, many older jazz musicians found their careers threatened, just as all jazz was to be threatened by rock 'n' roll.
Promoter Norman Granz banded together his favourite musicians, many of whom were in danger of being neglected or simply could not find a role in a rapidly changing musical climate, and took out a unique touring package Jazz At The Philharmonic, named after the first venue they played in Los Angeles.
JATP, as it became known featured swing and mainstream stars like Gene Krupa, Buddy Rich, Roy Eldridge, Ella Fitzerald, Charlie Shavers, Ben , Webster, Lester Young, Count Basie, Flip Phillips, Illinois Jacquet and even took in bop musicians Parker and Gillespie.
In contrast to the Dixieland revival jazz of Turk Murphy, the mainstream swing, of JATP and the delicate experiments of Mulligan and Brubeck, the post-boppers developed a kind of free swinging, thoroughly modern, jazz variously termed "hard bop" and eventually "soul jazz."
Pianist Thelonious Monk worked in his own eccentric fashion, recording with Blakey or Max Roach many historic and influential compositions. John Coltrane began to emerge, with Sonny Rollins as new titans of the tenor sax.
Big bands, too, made musical progress in the Fifties, with Stan Kenton inspiring fanatical dedication. Duke Ellington hired white drummer Louis Bellson, which led to many classics.
The new verve and excitement of Ellington's men was matched by the return of Count Basie, who reformed in 1952. By 1954 it was hailed by Metronome as "The Band Of The Year."
IN retrospect, the Fifties, despite the grumbles of musicians, were a golden age for jazz, when all aspects of the various schools could be heard and many of the greatest names of jazz were still alive and blowing.
But all the while, hidden unseen forces were at work in the great heartland of American music which rarely had any exposure on the media, whether it was Britain's hearty and enthusiastic TV show 6.5 Special or AFN's Grand Ol' Opry.
A man called Woody Guthrie, wracked by illness, was singing and writing modern American folk tunes. Raised in the Oklahoma Dust Bowl he con- demned the plight of workers, like the migratory fruit pickers, and cursed the capitalists whose exploitation tactics caused so much misery.
As Pete Seeger was to write: "A generation of songwriters have learned from him - Bob Dylan, Tom Paxton, Phil Ochs and I guess many more to come." Another revolution was in store for the new decade.
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1950

JANUARY: Nat Allen brings star modern-style musi- cians into his band for regular TV and extended resident en- gagement at Wimbledon Palais Death of Golden Age drum veteran 49-year-old Stan King and former Duke Ellington vocalist Ivie Anderson Britain's Vic Lewis Orchestra and Holland's Skyrnasters for 9-day exchange visit Melody Maker contest discovery 22-year-old altoist Alan Mercer joins Harry Leader at Charing Cross Road Astoria Trumpet star Leslie " Hutchinson gives up band- leading to rejoin Geraldo.
FEBRUARY: Mecca sign Harry Roy with 15-piece band for resident job at London's Lyceum Ballroom. Exciting new singer Lita Roza is found by Ted Heath Ham- mersmith Palais and NFJO will stage Jazz Band gall on March 6 to commemorate historic appearance there in 1920 of Original Dixieland Jazzband BBC extends Jazz Club from 30 to 45 minutes with 15 minutes vocal recital Car crash in New Mexico kills 27- year-old bop vocal creator Buddy Stewart.
MARCH: American impresario Norman Granz plans Continental tour for his all-star Jazz at the Philharmonic Special musical preview for long-awaited Bix Beiderbecke film Young Man With A Horn British bassist Charlie Short will join Benny Goodman, including trumpeter Roy Eldridge, for extensive tour of Europe.
APRIL: Glenn Miller revival sweeps America with bands led by Tex Beneke, Jerry Gray and Ralph Flanagan Tenor-sexist Kenny Graham forms his distinctive Afro-Cubists and opens at Wimbledon Palais French jazz Fans give Duke Ellington Orchestra a mixed reception and silence singer Kay Davis at opening concert of European tour in Paris Five musicians are arrested and fined for possessing marijuana after police raid London's bop centre the Club Eleven.
MAY: Jack Smith, famous "whispering baritone", who introduced the art of crooning, dies aged 51 Decca launch long-playing microgroove records in UK . British pianist-leader George Shearing adopts US nationality as his quintet reaches 2,000 dollars a week and sells 100,000 copies of "September In The Rain" 'Roy Fox leaves Dublin's Theatre Royal at end of June after seven months as MD Death of US veteran blues singer Bertha "Chippy" Hill John E. Dallas produce a plastic saxophone for British Industries Fair.
JUNE: Vic Lewis and Johnny Dankworth find modern jazz doesn't pay in Britain and switch to commercial policy Trombonist George Chisholm, f o u n d e r-member of the Squadronaires, leaves after 10 years to freelance and teach. Blues singer Josh White starts variety tour at Manchester Hippodrome on July 10- . Ted Heath plans Sunday concerts covering every type of dance music from Dixieland to Bop. HMV produce bigger screen 9 x 7 inch TV at just over E50. Dizzy Gillespie breaks up his big band and fronts a sextet, meeting a similar fate to Count Basle, Woody Herman and Charlie Barnet Death of 52-year-old Leo Watson, first-ever scat singer.
JULY: Frank Sinatra is mobbed by hysterical fans at London Palladium and signs El million CBS radio and TV contract, making him highest paid singer in world. Death of ace bop trumpeter 26-year-old Theodore (Fats) Navarro Decca's first LPs feature Bob Farnon, Stanley Black, Ronnie Munro, Edmundo Ros and Troise. Stan Kenton breaks up his 40-piece band and forms 20-piece for weekends at Balboa Beach, California.
AUGUST: Brilliant Jazz and ballad alto-saxist Freddy Gardner dies aged 39. Pianist-leader Ralph Sharon, forbidden to play bop, terminates resident engagement at Southend's Olympic Ballroom. Kenny Graham and his Afro-Cubists open London's celebrated Club Flamingo. Beverley Sisters, who were spotted and publicised by the Melody Maker in 1945, return home after two years in America and open at Bagatelle. John Foreman, taking over production of BBC Jazz Club, warns "there will be no more bop or progressive music."
SEPTEMBER: London concerts for Hat King Cole Trio in October. Singer Penny Nicholas leaves Henry Hall to start double act with her original discoverer, bandleader Billy Merrin. Jimmy Miller, saying "my presence is no longer required", resigns leadership of the Squadronaires after ten and half years. American modern-style trumpeter Miles Davis and drummer Art Blakey are arrested on narcotics charge in Los Angeles. First recording by singer Frankie Vaughan, who achieved overnight theatre fame in June.
OCTOBER: Printing dispute stops production of Melody Maker throughout October. Here are some stories which should have appeared: Death of 45-year-old trumpeter Chelsea Quealey, who was notably with Fred Elizalde, Jan Garber, Paul Whiteman and Isham Jones. Hot Club of France outlaws bop. Al Collins, who retired in 1945 after 25 years with Savoy and Berkeley Hotels, takes over leadership of Maurice Winnick's Band at Ciros from pianist Ronnie Odell, who returns to Spider's Web. Jack Hylton revives his world-famous band for surprise one-night comeback in Royal Variety Show, which also features Billy Cotton, Gracie Fields, Dinah. Shore and Merry Macs.
NOVEMBER: Duke Ellington meets President Truman at White House and presents him with manuscript of "Portrait Of A New York suite," commissioned by Arturo Toscanini for NBC Symphony Ork. New record label Polygon starts with veteran trumpet-leader Louis 'Prima and teenage vocalist Petula Clark, who is destined for international stardom. Selmer introduce small amplified paino-attachment keyboard the clavioline. Decca will launch Britain's first jazz- LPs in December.
DECEMBER: Embassy Club pianist-Ieader Don Carlos is attacked and robbed in West End of London. Famous composer-arranger-conductor Percival Mackey who first used jazz musicians in theatre pit, dies aged 56. Scottish tenor-saxist Benny Winstone is jailed for six months on marijuana charge while playing for trumpet-leader Louis Metcalf in Canada. Bop altoist Charlie Parker flies home to States without explanation after promising to play at Paris jazz festival. Introduction of illustrated, gramophone records.

1951

JANUARY: Trumpet , star Miles Davis is acquitted on dope charge. Death of US trumpeters Dave Page and Joe Keyes. Drummer Eric Delaney joins Geraldo Ralph Sharon brings in a flute for new music called Flubop. Red Ingle and his Frantic Four booked for Britain. MU denies "suppression of discs on BBC" allegation in Beveridge Report. Blues singer Josh White comes over for 28 concerts in 30 days.
FEBRUARY: Johnny Dankworth has treble win in Melody Maker 1951 Poll, carrying off awards as Best Altoist, Musician of the Year and Best Small Group. Esquire records the victors, who will be presented by Melody Maker in mammoth concert at Empress Hall in April. Norman Granz fixes tour of Europe for his all-star Jazz At The Philharmonic, but cancels it owing to personal problems of artists involved. Trumpet ace Kenny Baker forms his own sextet to "return to jazz". Ralph Sharon says "I must eat" and changes to a more commercial sound. American "society style" bandleader Eddie Duchin dies aged 41.
MARCH: Jazz drum giant Big Sid Catlett dies of heart attack aged 41 during Al Benson Jazz Festival in Chicago. Tenor-saxist Kathy Stobart joins Vic Lewis Ork Johnny Dankworth cuts out all jazz airings with his Seven, saying "it's the only way to survive". Jazz pianist Art Tatum and the complete Les Brown Band will play UK if AFM and MU agree on reciprocal deal.
APRIL: Drum star Jack Parnell leaves Ted Heath to form 14-piece band for Fancy Free at Prince of Wales Theatre and is replaced by Ronnie Verrall from Cyril Stapleton Ork. Glasgow CID seeks bogus Dick James. of Labour lifts 16-year-old ban on American musicians for Festival of Britain. Jan Wildeman and Nat Allen will be resident leaders at specially-built ballroom in Festival Plea- sure Gardens at Battersea Park Singer-compere Harry Davis breaks 27-year partnership with bandleader Oscar Rabin to settle in the States.
MAY: Carroll Gibbons makes bandleading comeback at Savoy Hotel with 15-piece band, incIuding ex-Squadronaire Jimmy Miller as deputy leader. Les Brown and his 17-piece Band of Renown play for US troops at Burtonwood on way to 18-day tour of Europe. Geraldo opens Festival of Britain with concert at Royal Festival Hall. Cleo Laine joins Dankworth Seven and becomes featured singer and wife of saxist-leader Johnny Dankworth. Melody Maker South London Championship discovers saxist-leader Bob Miller, who achieves popularity with his swinging Millermen.
JUNE: Harold "Doc" West, 36-year-old drummer with trumpet-leader Roy Eldridge, collapses and dies while the band is playing at Cleveland's Sky Bar. Birdland is named as US dope den. French swing violinist Stephane Grappelly takes band into L'Escale Club at St Tropez using electric fiddle for first time.
JULY: Louis Armstrong refuses 3,500-a-week as solo attraction in variety, preferring to wait until he can come over with his band. NFJO abandons plans to book US jazzmen -for Festival of Britain in view of expense involved and hostility of MU. David Hughes, who was given one broadcast in Henry Hall's Guest Night and stayed 14 weeks, makes his recording debut on HMV and becomes singing star of pop and opera Roy Fox forms new 11-piece band, with accent on strings, called Whispering Rhythm.
AUGUST: Ray Whetzol, erst while lead trumpet and gag man with Stan Kenton Ork, is killed in car accident Eccentric bop pianist Thelonious Monk is arrested on heroin charge in New York. Individual award with Stan Fry and his Band in Melody Maker Souh Coast Championship proves stepping stone to leadership for trumpet player Kenny Ball. SEPTEMBER: Death of veteran boogie-woogie pianist 53-year-old Jimmy Yancey in Chicago Southern Ireland tour by Felix Mendelssohn and Hawaiian Serenaders cancelled because clergymen object to scantily-clad hula-hula girl dancers. Nat Gonella takes over at Festival Gardens from Nat Allen, who goes into Streatham Locarno Nat King Cole gives up his trio for big band recordings US clarinet leader Artie Shaw comes to London to record 18 titles for American Decca with a big British band After nine years at Bagatelle, Edmundo Ros is all set to leave, but is tempted to stay by new two-band contract doubling Coconut Grove Roy Fox signs his 1949 singer discovery Tony Mercer who progresses to Billy Ternent and solo spot with Black and White Minstrel Show. OCTOBER : Founder-member Bonnie Aldrich gives up playing piano to lead Squadronaires, taking over from singer Roy Ed ward s, who has fronted band since departure of Jimmy Miller Tubby Hayes starts career as 16-year-old with Kenny Baker Band Harry Roy refuses to broadcast when offered "mere pittance" of 190 for sixx three-hour rehearsals and the actual sessions with his 15-piece band Bandleader Ray McKinley joins the Tommy Dorsey Ork Ambrose revives his pre-war Octet for variety tour fronted by compere-vocalist Paul Carpenter Pianist Earl Hines is leaving Louis Armstrong to record with his own band. NOVEMBER: Death of popular drummer-vocalist-comedian Jackie Hunter, who was chiefly associated with Jack Jackson and Geraldo. AFM bans British sessions under American leaders, so Artie Shaw gives up his current project and returns home, but is due back in January to make series of short musical and documentary films Modern jazz trumpeter Hank Shaw arrested and fined 5 for possession of Indian hemp in police raid on London's A to Z Club Suez Canal crisis prevents Tito Burns Sextet playing Egypt on tour of Middle East . DECEMBER: Folk singer Josh White refuses to appear in same show as blacked-up Al Jolson impersonator at Kilburn Gaumont State Tommy Dorsey flies his 21-piece band to Brazil for nine weeks of radio and TV worth 200,000 dollars Death of US violinist and conductor Nat Brusiloff, a big radio and recordingMusical Directortwo decades ago "I offered JATP free to MU and heard no more," says Norman Granz Death of world-famous jazz singer 48-year-old Mild red Bailey Vic Lewis and Ralph Sharon dispense with big bands and revert to small groups Melody Maker attacks use of drugs and insists "our music must be freed from this menace."

1952

JANUARY: First commercial television films are being made in an experimental studio in West London Patti Andrews, of the Andrews Sisters, weds her MD, Wally Weschler MU bans percentage-only dates, insisting bookers must pay minimum rate and accommodation cost Tenor-sexist Johnnie Gray makes bandleading debut at Churchill's.
FEBRUARY: Dance music hushed as nation mourns death of King George VI . American bandleader Oscar Pettiford and his guitarist Skeeter Best are involved in scrap which abruptly ends their tour of Japan Lack of right men causes disbandment of the Afro-Cubists and tenor-leader Kenny Graham joins Eric Winstone. Paris fans boo Sidney Bechet at his return concert at Salle Pleyel.
MARCH: Cyril Stapleton does secret radio audition with 30-piece all-star orchestra which develops into BBC Showband Mantovani starts air series with 40-piece orchestra featuring his new-sound "cascading strings" introduced on his hit record "Charmaine" Oscar Rabin signs 55,000 contract to stay in Lyceum Ballroom until at least July 1953. Dizzy Gillespie cancels all other bookings to play at Paris J.F., where Britain will be represented by all-star quintet headed by Bonnie Scott and Victor Feldman Melody Maker Poll winners, including Ted Heath, Geraldo, Edmundo Ros, Humphrey Lyttelton, Lita Roza and Alan Dean, will record for Esquire and play big concert at Empress Hall Melody Maker singing discovery Shani Wallis gets star role in Call Me Madam at London Coliseum.
APRIL: Jazz trumpeter Kenny Baker to lead all-star Dozen in no-pop radio series. Blizzard prevents tenorist Bonnie Scott reaching Paris festival on time and fans boo his leaderless All Stars. Charles Chilton to edit new style Jazz Club, alternating records with live shows EMI will start issuing LPs in October Singer Eve Lombard leaves Harry Roy after eight years to freelance Singing star Steve Conway dies aged 31.
MAY: Young singing sensation from Oregon, Johnnie Ray, whose first LP has sold almost 250,000 copies, with his earnings rocketing to 5,000 dollars a week, needs six-man police bodyguard for appearance at New York's Copacabana Death of veteran bandleader Debroy Somers, founder of the Savoy Orpheans in 1924, and old-time jazz pianist 43-year-old Zinky Cohn Teenage jazz tenorist Tubby Hayes joins Tito Burns Sextet US bandleader Cab Calloway will play lead role of Sporting Life in West End production of Porgy And Bess. Action to stop issue of Glenn Miller AFN recordings Pianist-leader Ralph Sharon, sick of brick walls," accepts big recording offer in States Sultry-voiced singing discovery 19-year-old Alma Cogan hits the headlines with first records for HMV.
JUNE: MU warns British musicians and leaders not to appear with American and Continental guests at NFJO con- certs at Festival Hall Death of American bassist 43-year-old John Kirby and 62-year-old British bandleader Bertini, famous for his long run at Blackpool Tower Court order closes Churchills and ends resident job for Johnnie Gray and Conde-Tyree bands. Promoter Maurice Kinn stops his 15-band shows at Empress Hall because some leaders abuse tight schedule London Palladium chief books Johnnie Ray and Guy Mitchell but says Louis Armstrong, Duke EIIington and Benny Goodman are not box office attractions.
JULY: Cyril Stapleton will disband on September 7 to start new job as conductor of BBC Show Band. Guitarist Ivor Mairants leaves Geraldo after eleven and a half years to freelance and concentrate on his Central School of Dance Music. Nine star musicians combine to present British JATP organised by jazz promoter Bix Curtis. Icelandic MU chief comes over to book British bands. MU expels seven star musicians for playing Festival Hall jazz concert in defiance of their orders. AFM bans US bands from recording for European labels after Gene Krupa refuses to record and film while in Sweden.
AUGUST: Car crash kills veteran jazz trombonist 44- year-old Joe Harris. US Government embargo caused by his tax arrears stops British tour by singer-actor Dick Haymes. Ministry of Labour kills variety tour worth 19,000 by Louis Armstrong and Velma Middleton. EMI all set to issue 45 and 33 rpm discs.
OCTOBER: SOS to President Truman as MU objects to employment of AmericanMusical Director Alexander Smallens for Porgy And Bess in London. Singer Alma Cogan tops meteoric rise to fame with music hall tour MU representative watches as Cab Calloway crashes British jazz package.
NOVEMBER: American singer Pearl Bailey comes over for West End cabaret and marriage to drummer Louis Bellson at Caxton Hall Drugs Squad frisk musicians in Archer Street and jazz tenorist Jimmy Skidmore is fined 50 for possessing Indian hemp. MU vetos Anglo-French band exchange between Peanuts Hucko, now playing in Paris, and Leslie Hutchinson, who is leaving Geraldo to tour with Mary Lou Williams. Death of 51-year-old pianist-arranger Bob Busby, conductor of BBC Revue Orchestra Louis Armstrong tells noisy Paris jazz fans to shut up.
DECEMBER: Saxist-leader Johnny Dankworth joins bloc to fight "new dealers" in MU elections. Geraldo Orchestra and solo singer Gary Miller are first signings by Philips. Paramount offer Ted Heath vocalist Lita Roza film test in Hollywood. Death of veteran commercial bandleader 59-year-old Met Hallett, who employed Jack Tea- garden, Gene Krupa and Toots Mondello. Stan Kenton may tour Britain as solo pianist in variety. BBC will restore pre-war regular late-night dance band broadcasts on January 1. Duke Ellington celebrates Silver Jubilee. MU investigates "hooligan" allegations against personnel at American camps in Britain.

1953

JANUARY: American pianist-arranger-leader Fletcher Henderson, the pioneer of swing, dies aged 54. MPs seek to repel ancient Sunday Observance Bill. backed by MU. Four musicians quit Jack Parnell after tenor-saxist Pete King is dismissed to accommodate vocalist Marion Davis's reedist husband Ronnie Keene. Ronnie Scott increases his quintet to nine for big new venture. Cowboy actor James Stewart will play Glenn MiIIer in film life story.
FEBRUARY: British cornettist Ken Colyer spends 38 days in New Orleans jail for overstaying visitor's permit. JATP will play two concerts in London on March 8 in aid of flood victims - first relaxation of MU and Ministry of Labour ban in 18 years. Ronnie Scott starts countrywide tour and recording contract for Esquire with his modern jazz orchestra in March , Drum star Louie Bellsen quits Duke Ellington and may come over to Britain with his singer wife Pearl Bailey .
MARCH: Fans beseige Kilburn Gaumont State for Anglo-American jazz show featuring JATP staged by Melody Maker and impresario Harold Fielding which raises E4,000 for flood disaster fund. Bandleader Eric Winstone launches holidaycamp kitchen-boy singer Michael Holliday on his hit record career. Tenorist Kenny Graham leaves Jack Parnell to re-form his Afro-Cubists. Cornettist Ken Colyer forms his famous Jazzmen, which includes budding celebrities Chris Barber (trombone) and Lonnie Donegan (banjo and guitar). Ted Heath offers to fly his entire band to the States to do two charity shows at Carnegie Hall.
APRIL: Death of Joe Ferrie, trombone star with Billy Cotton, Lew Stone, Jack Jackson and Geraldo . . Blind pianist George Shearing turns down offer of a convict's eyes. Cheaper jazz as budget cuts tax on records and musical instruments. American bassist Major Holly, backing singer Rose Murphy at Astor and Colony, is withdrawn by order of MU and replaced by resident bassist Bernie Woods. Beverley Sisters start work on Britain's first 3-D musical film, Harmony Lane.
MAY: Coronation of Queen Elizabeth brings work for every band in Britain. Guitar genius Django Reinhardt dies at 43. Poll-topping pianist Ralph Sharon quits UK for USA . Frank Sinatra to guest with BBC Show Band on June 11. AFM and MU agree Anglo-US band exchange between Sid Phillips and Sharkey Bonano and Ted Heath concert at Carnegie Hall.
JUNE: Frank Sinatra flops and walks off stage in Sweden. Paul, Whiteman makes temporary comeback with 25-piece band at Frontier Hotel, Las Vagas. BBC axes Geraldo's seven and a half year-old radio show Tip Top Tunes. JATP may return to Britain in exchange for Ted Heath Band. BBC resurrects Jazz Club. Johnny Dankworth breaks up three-year-old Seven to form all-star 20-piece band with new sound. Melody Maker contests bring professional opportunity with resident job at Leeds Locarno for saxist-leader Bob Miller. Ballet troupe will dance to Stan Kenton's progressive jazz music at Sadlers Wells. Mary Lou Williams refuses offer to join Louis Armstrong All Stars to form band in Britain.
JULY: GeraIdo rejects 175,000 dollar one-year offer to lead all-star band in USA. Pianist Bud Howell sues Norman Grand for 50,000 dollars in record dispute. Pioneer plectrum gui- tarist Len Fillip dies aged 50 in his native South Africa. Trumpeter-leader Humphrey Lyttelton gives up trying to convert the public to jazz and goes back to sparetime playing as a semi-pro. BBC describes Ronnie Scott Band as "unsuitable for broadcasts."
AUGUST: Earl Hines dis- penses with his band and forms a quartet Band leader Fred Hedley achieves his 36th success in 43 Melody Maker contests by winning Middlesex District Champion- ship. Dickie Valentine plans solo career when five-year contract with Ted Heath ends next April. Singer June Christy joins Stan Kenton Band. Pianist-arranger Steve Race conducts first-ever jazz series on BBC-TV.
SEPTEMBER: Artie Shaw comes out of retirement to front 8-piece band at the Embers in New York. Dublin goes wild for 15 hours as 7,000 fans attend Stan Kenton concerts at Theatre Royal. BBC takes over Shepherds Bush Empire as its television theatre. Pye Radio enter record market but do not at present contemplate jazz Marion Ryan, 22-year-old red-head singer from Middlesbrough, joins Ray Ellington Quartet and in due course becomes mother of pop star twins Paul and Barry Ryan.
OCTOBER: Lionel Hampton fires British singer Annie Ross and pianist George Washington leaves in protest after tour of Europe Dutch pianist Rob Pronk, who disappeared 10 months ago, returns to Holland, after playing in Sweden. Ace baritone-saxist Gerry Mulligan is sentenced to six months in jail for possessing heroin. Mantavani offered six-month US tour with selected cornermen as nucleus of big American orchestra. BBC restore Kenny Baker's Dozen and Geraldo's Tip Top Tunes.
NOVEMBER: Mantovani signs 10,000 contract with impresario Harold Fielding for worldwide conducting activities US singer Anita O'Day gets 5 months jail sentence for possessing drugs. Death of 52 year old banjoist "Howdy" Quicksell familiar for his work with Bix and 60-year-old Larry Shields clarinettist with the ODJB. MU says not to free-for-all offer by AFM and stops Dutch tour by Mike Daniels Band. Ronnie Scott passes second BBC audition. Phenomenal trumpeter Chet Baker says: " I'm through with jazz.
DECEMBER: Ted Heath singer Lita Roza nets 12,000 a-week 10-month.variety tour of USA as solo star. Biackpool recording studio owner Jack Michael fined 8 for illegally taping BBC Northern Regional programme Holiday Night. Melody Maker Contest discovery semi-pro trumpeter Kenny Ball gives up 8-a-week fan salesman job to join saxist-leader Sid Phillips at 3,500-a-year on way to fame with his own Jazzmen.

1954

JANUARY: Mary Lou Williams and Taps Miller refused entry to Britain at Dover Vocalist Jo Lennard critically ill after Mick Mulligan band coach crashes over bridge parapet at Boston Rosemary Clooney to sing with BBC Showband . New Years Eve deadline in US disc strike Dickse Valentine - booked for American TV Woody Herman Herd fixed for big Melody Maker concerts in Dublin Eddie Calvert gets 7,000 20-week summer season to Blackpool Victor Feldman joins Ronnie Scott Band London premiere of The Glenn Miller Story. Bandleader Alan Kane loses job as Cafe Anglais closes.
FEBRUARY: Startling victory for trumpeter Chet Baker In Metronome Poll Geraldo signs Australian Aborigine singer Georgia Lee. Billie Holiday says " Lester Young named me Lady Day" Tenor-saxist Stan Getz arrested after attempted hold-up in Seattle drug store. Promoter Harold Fielding In last-minute battle with MU and AFM to bring over Oscar Peterson Trio and Ella Fitzgerald. MU lift ban on Irish tours by Ken Mackintosh, Stanley Black and Freddy Randall. British clarinettist Wally Fawkes plays season In Geneva with Sidney Bechet.
MARCH: MU fails in zero-hour attempt to prevent resident Skyrockets playing with Nat King Cole Trio at London Palladium after Ministry of Labour issue permit because his accompanying jazzmen constitute a variety act. Ciro's Club, home of famous bands, closes after 50-year existence Johnny Dankworth voted Top Musician and Ronnie Scott Best Small Band in Melody Maker Poll. Annie Ross will Join Jack Parnell. AFM will now permit Oscar and Ella to tour Britain US radio and TV studio musicians get new deal guaranteeing 70 a week. Columbia and HMV introduce 7-minute 7-inch EPs at 4s 3}d. Death of Victoria Palace MD 45-year-aid Freddy Bretherton and 44-year-old Thirties trumpet ace Frankie Newton.
APRIL: Britain resounds to the Herman Herd and Woody asks Ronnie Scott drummer Tony Crombie to write some of his scores. Hollywood plans film life story of Benny Goodman. Norman Granz offers London Palladium chief Vat Parnell Oscar Peterson Trio and Ella Fitzgerald free If he can get their permits Death of pianist-composer 41-year-old Carl Fisher, long-term accompanist to singer Frankie Laine Ted Heath refuses to appear In TV until his band is properly balanced Drummer Eric Delaney Leaves Geraldo to form his own band Newcastle City Hall turns down Nat King Cole and Dankworth Ork because "Jazz fans are rowdy" Vic Lewis to play for Frankie Larne and Teddy Foster for Lena Horne.
MAY: Death of 51-year-old Carroll Gibbons, pianist-leader at the Savoy Hotel, where singer and deputy-leader Jimmy Miller is now appointed MD. Gerry Mulligan Quartet and Tony Kinsey Trio for Paris Jazziest Melody Maker pianist discovery Derek Smith Joins Dankworth Seven British jazzmen improvise when Woody Herman plane is delayed by gales on way to Dublin Malcolm Mitchell breaks up his six-year-old trio to go solo. Harry Roy takes over Cafe Anglais in 250,000 scheme for chain of ballrooms employing 300 musicians in London First big break for Irish singer 18-year-old- Ruby Murray replacing Joan Regan on TV's Quite Contrary Ken Colyer quits his Jazzmen and trombonist Chris Barber takes over leadership.
JUNE: Death of pianist Garland Wilson casts shadow over Paris Jazz Fair. Liberate does sell-out concert for 16,000 at Madison Square Garden Staggering bill for first-ever jazz festivall at Newport, Rhode Island, on July 17-18. Singer Ronnie Hilton is discovered and promoted as hit soloist by HMV. Ken Colyer gets going with new Jazzmen. Motorcycle crash kills 26-year-old ex-Kenton vocalist Jay Johnson in Hollywood MU's Anglo-French ban could prevent Edmundo Ross five-week summer in Monte Carlo Death of 71-year-old Jazz composer-pianist-publisher Dave Comer.
JULY: Trombonist Bob Brookmeyer leaves Gerry Mulligan Quartet. Tito Burns tells BBC "isolated broadcasts are useless" Jack Parnell, who plans 8-week tour of South Africa, bids for Ted Heath trumpeter Star. Reynolds and Oscar Rabin drummer Kenny Clare. Jack Payne exposes DJ phony-request racket. Famous band haunt, the Embassy Club, closes. AUGUST: Accordionist-leader Tito Burns breaks up his band after eight years. AFM boss James Petrillo rejects booking of Ken Colyer Jazzmen at jazz festival in New Orleans. Ministry of labour refuses permit for US trumpeter Jimmy McPartland to play at Albert Hall Capitol Records make big offer to Johnny Dankworth First tape records, which could supersede discs, will be issued by EMI, starting with Joe Loss and George Melachrino, on September 3. Harry Roy abandons ballroom chain project.
SEPTEMBER: Charlie Parker attempts suicide by swallowing iodine and is replaced by Coleman Hawkins in Jazz Parade show scheduled for tour of Europe Jump saxist Rudy Williams, who toured Japan with Oscar Pettiford, commits suicide in New York Singer Annie Ross leaves Jack Parnell for Tony Crombie Ten big showmen plan commercial TV combine Decca put up prices and plan to Issue 45s.
OCTOBER: Canadian singer, 20-year-old Stephanie Wise, gets job with Oscar Rabin 24 hours after arriving in Britain but leaves after four weeks to join Ronnie Scott. Royal Variety Show Features Jack Hylton, Ted Heath, Jack Parnell, Eric Robinson, Dickie Valentine, Eddie Calvert, Frankie Laine and Guy Mitchell Death of Boss (Memphis Blues) Crump, aged 80 Melody Maker vocal discovery Valerie Kleiner joins Ken Moule Band Eric Delaney gets Silver Record for his first band record, "Delaney's Delight" and "Oranges and Lemons". Trumpet-leader Kenny Baker makes history as first jazz musician to appear in Daily Herald. Brass Band Contest Saxist-leader Billy Sproud reopens Embassy Club after three month closure.
NOVEMBER: Death of 49-year-old pianist-arranger Clem Barnard, general factotum for. 29 years with Billy Cotton Five-year contract with Capitol for Johnny Dankworth AFM president Petrillo rejects end-the-ban plea from Ted Heath Parlophone record the Kirchin Band led by Ivor and his drummer son Basil, who leave Mecca for countrywide tour. Lionel Hampton band sweeps Europe like a tornado. Jazz tenorist Tubby Hayes and his wife found guilty and fined on drug charge in Blackpool. Pianist Bill McGuffie, one of the originals, leaves BBC Show Band Death of US trumpeter-vocalist 46-year-old Oran "Hot Lips" Page.
DECEMBER: Ted Heath does Christmas and New Year's Eve coast-to-coast broadcast for 200 NBC stations in States and considers film story of his life Singer Marion Williams leaves Oscar Robin to join Eric Delaney, whose new band makes radio debut Don Rendell Sextet goes commercial because Jazz in ballrooms doesn't pay Paramount screen test for Ted Heath singer Dennis Lotis Beginning of the end for 78s in the States Guitarist-vocalist Malcolm Mitchell forms all-star modern jazz band costing 10,000 for one-night-stands and contract with Decca London's oldest jazz club, Feldmans, closes after 13 years.

1955

JANUARY: BBC sponsors Festival of Dance Music at Albert Hall, notably featuring Ted Heath Impresario Henry Hall makes band-business comeback asMusical Directorat Mayfair Hotel, supplying seven-piece band led by pianist Bert Marland Eric Delaney signs gipsy "street singer" Danny Porches Oscar Peterson and Ella start concert tour of Britain on February 22 Death of Twenties blues singer Lee Morse and band-leader-composer Gus Arnheim, who was associated with Bing Crosby in 1930-31 EMI in 3 million deal to take over Capitol Closure of Wood Green and Kingston Empires Kenny Baker re-forms his Dozen.
FEBRUARY: Johnny Dankworth refuses 10,000 tour of South Africa because of segregation. Chain-store issue of cut-price records offering 12 tunes on 10 inch LP at 9s. 6d.. Drummer-leader Tony Kinsey and bassist Sammy Stakes accompany Peterson-Fitzgerald tour, which has to be cut short because Ella is needed in Hollywood to film Pete Kelly's Blues Pianist Buck Washington, of song and dance team Buck and Bubbles, dies aged 48 in New York Melody Maker contest drum discovery Jackie Dougan joins trumpet-leader Don Smith Swing accordionist Tito Burns becomes an agent and signs jazz tenorist Tubby Hayes for tour and record with 9-piece band.
MARCH: Ted Heath beats Johnny Dankworth by 132 votes and Eric Delaney Is Top Musician in Melody Maker Poll. Variety debut of singer Ronnie Hilton Tenor-saxist-leader Don Rendell disbands and joins Tony Crombie Ork, which disappoints fans in chaotic performance at big Paris jazz show after 36 hours without sleep Ronnie Aldrich puts Squadronaires on R and B kick and picks hospital laboratory singer 19-year-old Jackie Lee to replace Margaret Bond, who goes solo. Dennis Lotis leaves Ted Heath in April for music-hall and film offers. Music world Is shocked by sudden death of jazz alto-saxist celebrity 35-year-old Charlie Parker. Duke Ellington Ork booked for Britain, but only at US bases.
APRIL: Record revolution heralded by EMI - 3D Sound. MU and Ministry of Labour do an "about turn" and stop Irving Fields Trio appearance at London Palladium. After internal disagreement, pianist Ken Moule quits leadership of his Seven, which is taken over by bassist Arthur Watts. Kenny Baker Band for first Pye-Polygon LPs and EPs. Mufti-instrumentalist Victor Feldman settles in the States. George Shearing flies in on holiday and says: "Quintet cannot play here, so neither will I."
MAY: Sir John Barbirolli picks pianist-arranger and Melody Maker columnist Steve Race as his Director of Light Music. Johnnie Ray booked for Sunday Night at London Palladium. Latest proteges of Philadelphia music publisher Jimmy Myers are rock originators Bill Haley and his Comets BBC bans Lena Horne's torrid record "I Love To Love" British tour for Tony Bennett In July American agents make offers worth 20.000 for Tony Crombie Band.
JUNE: Police drop murder charge against jazz dancer Teddy Hale when death of tenor-saxist Ward ell Gray curing narcotics binge in Las Vegas is declared to have been an accident Hollywood makes film offer to singer David Whitfield The show goes on despite countrywide rail strike which could cause cuts in touring bands AFM official says "little hope of Stan Kenton-Ted Heath exchange" Irish singer Ruby Murray will receive 500 a week for a Norman Wisdom Show at London Palladium MU opposes concert tour by US pianist Art Tatum BBC starts new name-band radio series Swing Session.
JULY: MPs may probe dance band business, with approval of MU Janie Marden 21-year-old telephone operator from Bristol, joins BBC Showband as resident singer Jazz guitarist Chuck Wayne comes over to tour with Tony Bennett American stage and television offers for Ruby Murray MU nears agreement with ITV Ted Heath loses singer Kathy Lloyd, gains tenorist Don Rendell and plans all-star finale for his Swing Sessions before TV takes over London Palladium, where new pit orchestra will be conducted by resident Musical Director Eric Rogers ATV Is closing the theatres," warns Jack Payne.
AUGUST: Pianist Dill Jones, puzzled and disappointed, is barred from US by American Embassy Big Bill Broonzy may play Britain in October. Amazing alto saxist discovery from Florida, Julian "Cannonball" Adderley, is hailed as the new Charlie Parker BBC gives peak air spot to World of Jazz Ted Heath offers 10,000-a-year to any girl singer who comes up to his expectations Ambrose returns to West End with 14-piece all-star band at Cafe de Paris on September 19.
SEPTEMBER: Bristol vocalist, 27-year-old Rosemary Squires, unsettled by wide-spread publicity after secret audition, declines offer from Ted Heath and will try to "make it alone" After five-month wrangle, MU and ITV reach agreement a few days before start of commercial television Dancers weep as Harry Leader ends 15-year run at Charing Cross Road Astoria to start countrywide tour. OCTOBER: AFM lifts 20-year Anglo-US ban and agrees exchange between Ted Heath and Stan Kenton Toni Eden, 16-year-old daughter of saxist Chips Chippindale, joins Ted Heath for concerts, radio and TV Wedding of film Star Debbie Reynolds and singer Eddie Fisher.
NOVEMBER: Atlantic band exchange takes Ted Heath to States in April and Stan Kenton to UK in March. Eric Delaney offered four figure contract for big West End musical built around his band Big Bill Broonzy accuses Nottingham hotel of racial discrimination Ivy Benson All Girls Band for Labrador Frankie Vaughan gets his own show on TV and donates his record proceeds to Boys Clubs Norman Granz wins dismissal of gambling charges against JATP artists in Texas.
DECEMBER: Blind Pianist Joe Saye leaves with his family to settle in America. Melody Maker's Song For Lita Roza contest is won by "I'll Be Near To You" which is published by Berry Music and recorded by Decca. Victor Feldman admitted to AFM, cuts first US LP for Keynote and may arrange for Kenton. Michael Holliday, whose first record "Yellow Rose of Texas" has sold 50,000 copies, leaves Eric Winstone, for profitable solo career. Count Basle beats Stan Kenton in Down Beat Poll. MU asks BBC for statement after house musicians are told "get modern or get out"

1956

JANUARY: Woody Herman signs British in multi-instrumentalist Victor Feldman to join the Herd as a special act Norman Granz starts the year with his biggest-ever capture, Ella Fitzgerald, for his Jazz at the Philharmonic and his Verve & Clef labels Eve Boswell and Jill Day, who both started as singers with Geraldo, signed to star in Blackpool summer shows. Musicians Union planning action to raise BBC-TV rates for musicians Alma Cogan signs for weekly TV show.
FEBRUARY: Vic Lewis returns from South Africa following tour with Johnnie Ray . Billy Cotton signs three-year contract with BBC Television BBC signs Stan Kenton for at least two broadcasts during forthcoming tour Duke Ellington tops French Radio poll Count Basle signs for autumn tour of Britain Pianist Ralph Dollimore wins Ivor Novello award.
MARCH: No Melody Maker due to nationwide printing dispute.
APRIL: Louis Armstrong signs for British tour - Bing Crosby also due here, to play in Open Golf Championship at Hoylake Harry Klein, Don Rendell and Tommy Whittle play with the Stan Kenton Orchestra on tour Lita Roza will marry Geraldo trumpeter Ronnie Hughes. Duke Ellington, Art Tatum and Dave Brubeck for Shakespearean Festival in Stratford - Ontario. Ted Heath and his Music a smash hit on U.S. debut at Municipal Auditorium, San Antonio. Nat King Cole beaten up by 'black-bashers' in Birmingham, Alabama. Frankie Vaughan signs a six-film contract.
MAY: Louis Armstrong and his All-Stars open at the Empress Hall, Earls Court. Oscar Rabin signs modernists Jimmy Deuchar (trumpet), Derek Humble, Joe Temperley, Roy Sidwell (saxes) Singers Diana Coupland and Monty Norman announce their forthcoming marriage Own TV series (BBC) for Joan Regan Musicians Union vetoes plan to record Louis Armstrong in London Adrian Rollini, bass-sax star and inventor of the Goofus, dies in Florida aged 52 Eddie Duchin film premiered in Blackpool Lonnie Donegan a big hit on American television Whites boo Freddy Randall's " jungle music " in Birmingham, Alabama British government backs jazz package, for tour of forces' bases in Germany.
JUNE: Stan Kenton ballet a hit at Sadlers Wells Ruby Murray signs for British film Bomb threat empties Freddy Randall concert in Greenville, S. Carolina. Trumpeter/singer and star of the Forties, Valaida Snow, dies in New York aged 41. Tex Ritter arrives in London Frankie Trumbauer dies in Kansas City aged 54 New Lew Stone Band opens in Manchester Rock-'n'-roll comes under attack from American censorship bodies Frank Sinatra wants to record in Britain with Cyril Stapleton's Orchestra.
JULY: Vic Lewis and his Orchestra set for Stateside tour in exchange -for Lionel Hampton Band Gene Vincent tipped as biggest threat to Bill Haley and Elvis Presley. Eve Boswell classed as " the complete entertainer " on her opening in summer show at the Opera House, Blackpool. Despite press criticism rock'n'roll clubs and records becoming a craze Glenn Miller Orchestra directed by Ray McKinley booms in US " I will only yo to the States if American dancers want my band - not just to enable U.S.bands to visit Britain." says Joe Loss. Mel Torme in Britain for radio dates and variety tour. Wally Fawkes A leaves Humphrey Lyttelton after nine years.
AUGUST: Tony Crombie forms rock'n'roll group for nationwide tour. Bands of Edmundo Ros Geraldo, Johnny Dankworth, Jack Parnell signed for peak-hour ITV shows. Stan Tracey joins Ivor Kirchin's. Band. Mel Torme appears with Ted Heath's Band in concert at the Stoll Theatre, Kingsway. Acker Bilk tours Poland. Louis Armstrong invited to appear with a London symphony orchestra. Jack Parnell Orchestra offered five ITV Saturday programmes. BBC plans a jazz promenade concert. Al Martino touring in variety. Carl Barriteau featuring a rock'n'roll sextet "within the band".
SEPTEMBER: Jazz saxist Ronnie Scott receives an offer to join Woody Herman. Eve Boswell asked to follow Lena Horne, Eartha Kitt and Maurice Chevalier in cabaret at Burns Restaurant, Stockholm. Teddy Boys riot at London cinemas showing Bill Haley's Rock Around The Clock film. Now Nat Gonella forms a rock outfit . BBC cuts radio jazz and gives late-night series to Ronnie Aldrich and the Squadronaires . . New rock singer Tommy Steele records for Decca.
OCTOBER: Humphrey Lyttelton and his Band invited to play in Moscow. Attempts to arrange exchange between Duke Ellington and Johnny Dankworth fall through. Basie-Heath exchange planned. Eric Delaney chosen for Royal Variety Performance. American pioneer bandleader Isham Jones, dies in Hollywood. Gerry Mulligan Quartet to tour Britain. Reportedly, Lionel Hampton's Orchestra for this month's tour "will be on a rock'n'roll kick."
NOVEMBER: Singer Jimmy Young signs 15,000 contract. Louis Armstrong coming to London next month to play a concert for the Hungarian Relief Fund. Rumoured that Elvis Presley MAY play the London Palladium next year. Decca Records sign a bus driver on the London No. 27 route - singer Matt Monro. Ted Heath says no to proposed swap with Count Basie. Art Tatum dies in Los Angeles aged 46. Glasgow City Fathers have banned rock'n'roll from 20 public halls. Royal Variety Performance cancelled due to international situation.
DECEMBER: Musicians Union gives permission for BBC to televise concert starring Louis Armstrong in aid of Hungarian Relief. Mystery death of Tommy Dorsey (51) in locked room of his 25,000-dollar home at Greenwich, Connecticut. Pat Boone makes his British debut at Granada, Tooting, on Boxing Day. Tommy Steele to be paid 200 for a cabaret appearance at a debutante's ball at Claridges. Lonnie Donegan - Bill Haley transatlantic swap. Petrol rationed here - touring bands may fold.

1957

JANUARY: The long-awaited tour by Bill Haley and the Comets is finalised Pat Boone returning to Britain for tour Melody Maker reproduces weekly list of Retail Disc Best Sellers as compiled by American Variety BBC bans Cyril Stapleton LP as "Hotted-up versions of classical pieces". "Rock-'n'-roll isn't bad - nor is it unimportant," says Buddy de Franco Tommy Steele nets his own BBC-TV series. Eddie London hits London Don Rendell forms a mainstream band . Top stars sign to appear in BBC-TV's Second Festival Of British Popular Songs - the winning compositon to enter for the Euro- pean Song Competition All-night queue for Haley seats.
FEBRUARY: Miles Davis tops U.S. Metronome poll. Louis not in first ten Bill Haley admits that original riots were a stunt - they just got out of hand No riots at British opening at Dominion Theatre, London - tour to be extended by 12 days - but Comets banned in Copenhagen Platters sign for tour with Vic Lewis band Derry Mulligan Quartet opens at Royal Festival Hall. Peak-hour radio series planned for singer Jimmy Young. Phil Seamen held on drugs charge fined 80. British film Rock You Sinners completed. Rock-'n'-roll records swamp the pops. Stan Getz announces his retirement - to become a doctor.
MARCH: Britain's top jazzmen to visit RussiaBill Haley signs for London Palladium appearance Eric Winstone's Band is awarded an 18-week ITV series Eric Delaney's Band - first British band to tour East Germany since World War Two - goes on a skiffle kick Joan Began signs for six-month Palladium season Little Richard coming to Britain. Cyril Stapleton's BBC Show Band is given notice to end its 4 and a half year run Ray McKinley's Glenn Miller Orchestra opens at Margate on short tour Skiffle invades BBC Festival Of Dance Music Humphrey Lyttelton Band and Chas. McDevitt's Skiffle Group signed for Tommy Steele film as Bruce Turner quits Humph Cyril Ornadel new London Palladium Musical Director 14-year-old Frankie Lymon mobbed at Liverpool Empire stage door.
APRIL: Count Basle's opening at Royal Festival Hall a smash hit Tony Crombie to rock around Europe Ken Colyer in exchange deal with New Orleans clarinettist George Lewis Bonnie Scott and Tubby Hayes form new joint jazz group for the Flamingo. Duke Ellington to tour in September in exchange for Johnny Dankworth Eddie Fisher to follow Palladium season with one-nighters at Rank cinemas New emphasis on pop music announced by BBC Marion Ryan leaves Ray Ellington to go solo Jimmy Rushing signs for tour with Humphrey Lyttelton Entertainment tax on live shows ends.
MAY: Only 200 fans turn out for Gerry Mulligan's first-house Glasgow concert "The public no longer wants rock - at least in the theatres," says singer Lee Lawrence. Star soloists spotlighted on new Ted Heath LP "Meet The Band" America wants Shirley Bassey for six months Lita Roza signs for pantomime debut - as Aladdin. Hollywood bids for Tommy Steele, Frankie Vaughan Cyril Stapleton plans road show Dickie Valentine signs for his own TV series Frankie Laine, Hazel Scott, Rosemary Clooney - all in London. New American Singer zooms into hit parade prominence - Andy Williams.
JUNE: Million-dollar film bid for Tommy Steele Chas. McDevitt Skiffle Group to play New York's Carnegie Hall Henry Hall makes recording comeback with tunes from the Thirties Clara Ward Singers to tour Britain. Jimmy Dorsey dies in New York - only six months after brother Tommy Kirchin Band break up Shirley Bassey tops her first West End bill - at the London Hippodrome Newcomer Terry Dene breaks into variety at a reported 200 per week Little Richard planning to become an evangelist.
JULY: Terry Dene tipped as "boy with a big future" - his "Lucky, Lucky Bobby" single to be released in US . British tour for Charlie Gracie; Les Brown here for GIs only, Patti Page on holiday in London Ten encores for Ella at Newport Jazz Festival Tommy Steele sings own composition "Shiralee" on sound- track of MGM film of same name More jazz on BBC Light programme " Freight Train " partners Nancy Whiskey and Chas. McDevitt split on return from US tour.
AUGUST: At last, it's Judy Garland - for four weeks at the Dominion Theatre, London Presley hoax at three Scottish halls Russ Hamilton hits it big in America. Cyril Stapleton's BBC Show Band to tour Customs officials seize American records en route for Dobell's Brighton shop Geraldo joins new Scottish commercial television contractor Tony Crombie disbands rock group saying: " Rock 'n' Roll is finished! " Louis Armstrong off to Russia "Judy Garland tour definitely off" says Rank spokesman.
SEPTEMBER: Geraldo to accompany Judy Garland at Dominion Theatre - which is now on again Colin Hicks follows brother Tommy (Steele) into showbiz Roy Fox turns music publisher Young Canadian Paul Anka is latest teenage star Dickie Valentine asked to compere four Sunday Night At The London Palladium TV shows.
OCTOBER: Melody Maker readers vote Count Basle world's number one jazzman - top band and musician of the year. Lionel Hampton to make second tour of Britain. Judy Garland opens at Dominion Theatre and will record here. Russ Hamilton sells a million of "We Will Make Love/Rainbow" record Kenny Baker's Dozen becomes sixteen Teagarden-Hines mobbed by Glasgow fans Iceland wants Tommy Steele. Ted Heath barred from US TV Basle tour dates fixed - band insured for 25,000 against Asian flu Six Five Special becomes a film Disc revival for Ding Crosby - heading for US top ten A star is born - saxist Tony Coe hits the headlines.
NOVEMBER: Basle chosen for Royal Variety Performance - also Mario Lanza, making British debut Alma Cog an sings for Prime Minister Harold Macmillan Ted Heath / Hi-Lo's / Carmen McRae package pulls-in 3000 at Dayton, Ohio - opposition (Duke Ellington and Woody Herman) only 300 Dickie Valentine and Don Lang sign for Six Five Special film Tour promoters the National Jazz Federation ban Dave Brubeck from appearing at rival Jeff Kruger's Flamingo Club. In New York Kruger slams high charges for US jazz stars to visit Britain.
DECEMBER: Paul Whiteman and Dizzy Gillespie among guests at New York birthday party for W. C. Handy Bruce Turner's Band fails BBC audition At Chiswick Empire, Sister Rosetta Tharpe makes flying start to tour. Stephane Grappelly signed for six Five Special Sinatra U S-TV series "a disappointment!" Harry Belafonte's "Mary's Boy Child" hits the Christmas jackpot Elvis is US top seller of 1957 with 18 records selling at the same time Pat Boone second with 17.

1958

JANUARY: "The band exchange system is a farce,'' says Johnny Dankworth as he turns down an offer to tour America in exchange for the Glenn Miller Ork. Elvis Presley's call-up deferred by 60 days to complete King Creole film. Dizzy Gillespie breaks up his big band. Tony Bennett to fly from New York for Sunday Night at the London Palladium - says he wants to be an actor. Cy Laurie Club raided. Sam Cooke - a man to watch, says Melody Maker. Sinatra clicks in Pal Joey film
FEBRUARY: Tours lined up for AI Hibbler, Sarah Vaughan and Marvin Rainwater. Mantovani presented with Gold Disc at Waldorf Astoria, New York, reception. Terry Dene "too busy" to make a second film. Marty Wilde has 4,800 variety tour. Wally Fawkes' Band fails BBC audition. Freddy Randall ordered to quit blowing trumpet . Benefit concerts at London's Coliseum and Dominion Theatres for Big Bill Broonzy, recovering after major operation.
MARCH: Buddy Holly and the Crickets are here. Frankie Vaughan criticises the "flabby surrender of people over here to American leadership in popular music. Horror themes a current record craze. Billie Holiday's Easter date at Royal Festival Hall cancelled. 100,000 advance sales for Tommy Steele's "Nairobi". Charlie Gracie signs for return visit . "One day I'll come to Britain," says Fats Domino. America's Steve Allen TV show flops over here. Andre Previn plays piano on Shelly Manne record. Johnny Dankworth weds Cleo Laine - Cleo debuts as straight actress.
APRIL: W. C. Handy (84) dies in New York. Ronnie Ross chosen for Newport International Band. NJF takes over Mar- quee Jazz Club, in London. Jerry Lee Lewis starts 35-town British tour which is cancelled after three days following. adverse publicity about his teenage bride. Bradford (Yorks) teenagers scream for Jim Dale.
MAY: JATP flies into London with Ella, Dizzy, Oscar Peterson, Stan Getz, Coleman Hawkins. Gospel singer Marie Knight arrives for three-week tour with Humphrey Lyttelton. "My Fair Lady - and Julie Andrews - restore our faith in US musicals," says Melody Maker. Stereo records are a fact - but not available yet in record shops here. Cleo Laine may leave Johnny Dankworth Band for stage. Eric Delaney plans to emigrate. Girls riot over Ricky Nelson in America. Tommy Steele resting after fan maul in Dundee - rumoured he is to wed dancer Anne Donoghue. Billie Holiday to make single afternoon appearance at Royal Festival Hall in June. 700 musicians will cost Billy Butlin 80,000 at holiday camps this summer. Pye Records to go stereo on June 2.
JUNE: 3-D (stereo) discs are uncanny," says Mantovani. Platters have a hit record ("Twilight Time") and a 300,000-dollar tour of Europe. Deep South tour fixed for Laurie London - then cancelled - then on again. Beaulieu Jazzfest to have radio and TV coverage. Wally Fawkes' Troglodytes make first stereo jazz LP for Decca."Name bands are finished," says Mecca spokesman. Chas. McDevitt to introduce the new Kwela music into his act. MU threatens to withdraw members from Midland ballrooms operating colour bar - Union accused of conspiracy.
JULY: "I love the Blues," says Pat Boone. Lita Roza demands star billing for US tour. Expresso Bongo voted best British musical of 1957/58. Tommy Steele is writing a symphony. Ted Heath records 1953 Palladium Swing Session hits in stereo. Mecca impose a "partners only" partial colour bar at their Midland ballrooms.
AUGUST: "I do not plan to retire," says singer Joan Regan, in reply to rumours. Marion Ryan nets own Granada TV series. Tommy Steele turns down third film script. Thames riverboat reception for Connie Francis. Chas McDevitt announces engagement to his singer Shirley Douglas. Jimmy Rushing to tour with Humphrey Lyttelton. Tommy Whittle takes over as leader' at Dorchester Hotel. Muddy Waters added to Leeds Festival bill. Terry Dene waits for National Service call-up. Marty Wilde sacks his Wildcats. Big Bill Broonzy dies in Chicago - British benefit proceeds frozen. MU expels three Wolverhampton bandleaders for ignoring "no colour bar" ruling.
SEPTEMBER: Marion Ryan's "World Goes Around And Around," written by Tolchard Evans, the first stereo single released in Britain, is to be issued in US. Paul Robeson starts 20-concert tour at Odeon, Blackpool. Hi-Lo's start 22-day tour. Jazz At Carnegie Hall package attracts 9,000 to two Sunday shows at New Victoria Theatre.
OCTOBER: Chris Barber Band in screen version of Look Back In Anger. Cha- cha beat is born. John Kennedy tells "the truth about showbiz" in his book titled Tommy Steele. Parlophone release LP of Oh! Boy, for which stage tour is also planned. Harry Belafonte concludes multi-million dollar deal with United Artists for six films in the next seven years.
NOVEMBER: Dickie Valentine blasts Decca for "almost non-existent exploitation - a year's delay in releasing LP - and non-release of singles". Bernard Bresslaw in Top Twenty. Sam Woodyard (with Duke Ellington) buys British Premier drum kit. Bill Haley leaving a trail of riots across Germany. Cha-cha becomes a craze.
DECEMBER: Booker Leslie Grade claims managers asking "impossible fees" for US star artists. Cinema tour planned for Oh! Boy. " Rock can be good and bad," says Perry Como. Russ Conway signs as resident guest on Billy Cotton's Wakey-Wakey BBC-TV show. French musicians on recording strike. Dig This to replace Six Five Special on BBC-TV in January. Will showcase Bob Miller's Millermen and Polka Dots.

1959

JANUARY: Noel Harrison, guitarist son of Rex Harrison, opens at Quaglino's, London. Saturday Club to be broadcast in stereo sound. Edmundo Ros to compere Housewives Choice for two weeks. Radio's Guitar Club may be seen on BBC television. Musicians' Union doubles subscriptions Melody Maker readers vote Duke Ellington World Musician or the Year, and Count Basic World Top Bandleader. Stage musical Expresso Bongo to tour. Norman Granz wants Johnny Dankworth Band for Stateside tour. BBC dry run a new programme called Juke Box Jury.
FEBRUARY: Count Basic arrives for tour. "You can be sure we'll swing," he says. Mantovani conducts, 60- piece orchestra in Royal Albert Hall concert. George Lewis Band hit by flu epidemic. Buddy Holly, Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens killed in Iowa plane crash. Mick Mulligan Band in BBC's Mid-Day Music Hall. Alma Cogan offered starring season at Paris Olympia.
MARCH Saxist-leader Tubby Hayes blows his top and is sacked by owner Jeff Kruger after flare-up at Flamingo Jazz Club. Lambert, Hendricks and Ross here for concert date. Louis Armstrong plans to visit Russia. Paul Anka set for third British tour. " I haven't yet been able to tune in to Thelonious Monk " says Satchmo's pianist Billy Kyle. Jeff Mudd leaves Mudlarks when called-up for National Service - David Lane replaces. EMI end manufacture of 78s. Cliff Richard to star in Expresso Bongo film. Perry Como signs 9,000,000 TV contract.
APRIL: Woody Herman here to lead Anglo-American Band. Janet Munro to star opposite Tommy Steele in film Tommy The Toreador. Ink Spots lead tenor Bill Kenny plans solo tour of Britain. Frankie Vaughan makes London Palladium debut as top-of-the- bill - introduces street buskers, the Happy Wanderers. Piano syncopation pioneer Billy Mayerl (56) dies at his Beaconsfield home. Marty Wilde dubs session musicians "corny and square - they can't feel rock". Clara Ward Singers arrive in London. Nine Academy Awards (Oscars) to film Gigi - including one to Andre Previn for musical arrangements Ministry of Labour refuse work permit to Stan Getz - no reason given.
MAY: TV's Cool For Cats transfers to stage at Chiswick Empire. Musicians Union lifts ban on Victor Silvester's Dutch tour. Dick Katz opens his own agency. Rock 'n' roll shows scare theatre staffs - easily turn to riots. Mecca announce decision to spend E1,000,000 on dance halls. Actor Anthony Newley sings in film Idle On Parade, becomes reluctant pop star, signs for Sunday Night at the London Palladium TV show. Steve Race to conduct the Halle Orchestra. Bandleader Hal Mclntyre dies ... JATP tickets stolen - fans warned. Acker Bilk follows Chris Barber from Pye to EMI label.
JUNE: Louis's clarinettist Edmond Hall to settle in Ghana. Post-skiffle groups keeping folk music alive. Dinah Washington cancels out of Bath Jazzfest. Johnny Mathis, Nat King Cole and Jimmie Rodgers all refuse British offers. MJQ autumn tour to open at Royal Festival Hall. Humphrey Lyttelton and Band, and the modern Jazzmakers, to make US debut in the autumn. Row blows-up over anti-juke box prejudice. Terry Dene called up for National Service, then discharged. Three TV networks bidding for Russ Conway. Joe Loss to open new Ulster Ballroom. National Youth Jazz Orchestra planned by Ivor Mairants. Jo Stafford and Paul Weston in Lon- don.
JULY: Melody Maker halted by strike. A UGUST: Billie Holiday diesin hospital in New York. Beaulieu Jazzfest breaks all records - 12,000 attendance, and seen and heard by millions on 138C radio and TV. Kid Dry to tour Britain - with Henry Red Allen on trumpet. Birdland welcomes Johnny Dankworth Band. Helen Merrill here for TV, radio and club appearances. Songwriters to be limited to one nom-de-plume. Pye records spending 30,000 to launch Golden Guinea label. America's ABC-TV wanmts Frankie Vaughn. ATV plan to air-lift Johnny Mathis, Kay Starr, Lena Horne, Pat Boone, Nat King Cole Billy Eckstine for Palladium Sunday TV. Bobby Darin and Frankie Avalon sign Hollywood film contracts . Chris Barber to appear at Monterey Jazzfest.
SEPTEMBER: Miles Davis, beaten-up by Broadway cops. New York Police Commissioner to probe. Pete Murray refuses terms for new Juke Box Jury Top Twenty jackpot. Stars, stunts and name bands promised in Tommy Steele's TV spectaculars. Top jazz names promised in Granada TV's Bandstand programme. Boy Meets Girl - Jack Good's ABC-TV successor to Oh! Boy starring Marty Wilde - is launched. Radio's Guitar Club back on the air . Lena Horne here for Savoy Hotel cabaret. Tommy Steele signs 100,000 contract- for 10-week Australian tour. Johnny Cash in Boy Meets Girl.
OCTOBER: Humph seen and heard in Labour Party election programme . . Geraldo, with singers Rosemary Squires and Don Rennie to record radio series aboard the Queen Mary at sea. Tony Crombie forms 8-piece band for Flamingo Club. Ted Heath refuses dates in " frozen north " for 1960 U.S. tour - will play Southern States only. Johnny Dankworth signs for American jazz label Roulette. Mario Lanza dies in Rome. Lou Preager to leave Hammersmith Palais after 18 years - signs five-year contract at the Lyceum Ballroom. Champion Jack Dupree flies into London. Ronnie Scott opens Jazz Club. Humphrey Lyttelton's Labour Party TV appearance costs him a concert at Bristol - cancelled by promoter. Kid Dry here.
NOVEMBER: Lord Mayor of Bristol reinstates Humphrey Lyttelton's cancelled concert at Colston Hall. Gold Disc for Cliff Richard's " Living Doll " presented on Palladium TV show. Marion Keene succeeds Shirley Bassey in Blue Magic at the Prince of Wales Theatre. Marty Wilde and Vince Eager feuding. Chris Barber weds singer Ottilie Patterson . . Johnny Dankworth signs new pianist, a Bachelor of Science from Oxford named Dudley Moore. Leslie Jiver Hutchinson dies in car crash.
DECEMBER: Marty Wilde weds Vernon Girl Joyce Baker. Emile Ford hits. No. 1 with "What Do You Want To Make Those Eyes At Me For? " Bobby Darin's " Mack The Knife " is U.S. Disc of the Year. Miles Davis, beaten up by the police, cleared of disorderly conduct and is to sue police in New York for one million dollars. Platters cleared of vice charges. Australian Maggie Fitzgibbon cuts two sides for Pye accompanied by Reg Owen Orchestra. Stan Kenton out of Jazz Band section of Down Beat poll - Gil Evans voted No. 1 composer. Joe Loss celebrates 30th anniversary as band- leader - signs five-year 250,000 Hammersmith Palais contract.


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