Billy Ternent autograph
January 1st At 79 Elm Grove Southea there was a Grand Home Guard New years dance.
At the South Parade Pier, Billy Ternent and his Band and four vocalists prior to a middle east tour.
January 3rd Nearly 500 children attend a party at St John's Hall with music from the RAF Silver Wings Dance Orchestra.
January 5th Advert in the Evening News, Billy Bennett's Five Star Swingers will make your dance go with a swing, Phone Portsmouth 5689
January 13th, Saturday, Billy Bennett's Band at Cowplain Social Club.
January 17th Miss Mansell's dancers and concert party at St Bartholomew's Church Hall, Outram Road 'in aid of our boys in the Merchant Navy'
January 19th Grand Ball at Kimbells, Southsea with Sgt. Leslie Douglas and Pearl Carr, with the Bomber Command Dance Orchestra.
Tickets at 7/6d each.
January 25th At the Horndean Parish Hall, to assist Mrs Churchill's aid to Russia, 'Miki' Baker and Her Astounders complete with a new show and Orchestra entertain.
January 29th At South Parade Pier, Carl Barriteau and his Dance Orchestra play for dancing.
January 30th At the Ambassador Cinema Cosham, the film "Their hearts were young and gay".
At the Ambassador Ballroom, Eileen McCaffery presents for the first time in Portsmouth, Leonard Scrivener and Nellie Duggan, famous London ballroom dancers plus Alan Green's band with Lew Harris.
Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays, dancing at unity Hall Arundel street, good programme, band, sociable, jolly company.
There were snow drifts in the City of Portsmouth, a foot deep.
February 1st Dancing to Nancarrow's Band at the Co-operative Hall Fratton Road.
February 3rd, Saturday, At the coliseum Eddie Cox and his Woodchoppers Band plus full supporting variety show.
February 4th Municipal Concerts continue at the Kings Theatre with Jacques String Orchestra and Leon Goosens.
February 5th For the third time in nine weeks part of the show at the Coliseum is to be broadcast by the BBC to all parts of the world.
Ad in the Evening News, Saxophonist wanted, modern violinist considered. Box number.
At Hilsea Lido, Bill Cole and his Clubmen featuring Spencer Brown, trumpet.
February 7th Ads in the Evening News, Fred Pervin, drummer, late of Empress Rooms, open for engagements.
303 Twyford Avenue.
The Flying Angle Club, Fareham
Alf Hallman and his Band available for engagements, 1 Lovett Road, Copnor.
February 12th At the Oddfellows, dancing to the Melody Makers.
February 14th Evening News Ad, Billy Bennett's No1 band, enquiries 44 Lonsdale Road, Cosham.
The Central Portsmouth Conservative club gave a new years party for 150 children.
The programme included community singing, followed by Val Verdun's conjuring acts, and then Betty Dine's party entertained the guests.
February 17th, Saturday, At St Mary's Institute Billy Bennett's Band play for the Portsmouth Aviation Dance.
The Portsmouth Glee Club give a performance at the Flying Angel club at Fareham.
28,000 spectators watch Pompey play Arsenal and lose 4-2 at Fratton Park.
February 19th Flora Robson appears in 'Ethel Fry' at the Kings Theatre.
February 20th Copnor 'K' Group Wardens hold a social and dance at Copnor Methodists Chapel Hall and the Swingcopators, under the direction of Mr. K Williams, play for dancing.
February 22nd Felix Mendlessohn and his Hawaiian Serenaders, plus Louisa Moe, exotic hula hula dancer.
February 23rd McIlroys of North End selling 'Utility' Sheets at 16/8d per pair.
The HC Accordion Club meet every Sunday at the Tramways hall Stubbington Avenue.
February 25th The Melody Makers play for dancing at St Mary's Institute for the SJAB Portsmouth Division Dance.
February 26th Dance at the Savoy Cafe.
February 27th At the Cosham Trades Hall, Alf Hallman's Swingtette.
March 1st Nancarrow's Band at the Co-op Hall Fratton.
March 2nd Geraldo and his Orchestra play at The South Parade Pier for the Portsmouth City Police ball.
March 7th British Home Stores Social Club dance at Co-op Hall Fratton Road with Brian and his Gaiety Club Band.
March 10th, Saturday, The New Orleans Band play at Angerstein Hall.
Cosham Bowling Club hold a dinner and dance at the British Restaurant, Drayton, with music from the Alma Tammage Band.
March 11th 'M' area of the WVS dance at the Angerstein Hall North End with the Fireflies Band.
March 13th Eugene and his Band entertain at the Coliseum.
At the Ambassador, Cosham, Alan Green's band with 'Tony'.
March 14th The New Orleans Band play at Angerstein Hall.
March 20th The St John's Ambulance Brigade hold a social at the St Simons Church rooms in Albert Road, with music supplied by Basil Barrell's musical trio.
March 22nd The Melody Makers make an appearance at the Ambassador Ballroom, Cosham.
March 27th Will Hay jr. appears at the Coliseum.
'K' group of wardens hold a social at their Eppworth Road headquarters with music from the Syncopators under the direction of Mr. K Williams.
March 29th The Portsmouth Cycling Club hold a dance at the Victory Hall, Fratton Road with music from the Melody Makers.
March 31st, Saturday, The Tivoli Cinema, requisitioned by the government before the war, re-opens for films.
April 1st Carroll Gibbons and his Savoy Orpheans appear at the South Parade Pier.
April 2nd Cyril Fletcher in the show Easter Parade, is at the Kings Theatre.
Melody Makers at the Oddfellows Hall.
April 4th At St Mary's Church Kingston, the Portsmouth Glee Club perform an Easter Festival of Music.
April 5th Nancarrows Band appear at Co-operative Hall Fratton Road.
April 8th The famous Royal Air Force "Skyrockets Dance Orchestra" appear at the South Parade Pier.
At the Connaught Drill hall Gosport, an orchestral concert with singers Florence Greaves, Helen Rook, Reg Fisher and John Hawkins.
The Portsmouth Jazz Club meets at 32 Malvern Road Southsea.
April 12th The St Simons Symphony Orchestra play a selection of classical pieces at St Simon's Church.
April 14th At the Angerstein Hall, Waterlooville Dramatic Society present "The Ghost Train" by Arnold Ridley.
Madame Cannaways Concert Party, entertain the lads at the Sailors hostel.
April 15th Phil Green and his Orchestra with Teddy Johnson, at the South Parade Pier.
April 21st, Saturday, At the Angerstein Hall, an appearance of 'Miki' Baker and her child discoveries with the Harry Sutton and his Band.
The show was compared by young Bobby Collins.
April 22nd At The South Parade Pier, Nat Allen and his Band.
April 25th Hospital Ball at Kimbells with a specially augmented band.
April 28th, Saturday, Comedian Ralph Sutton appears at the Coliseum.
Portsmouth suffering in a heat wave.
Harry Sutton and his band at the Angerstein Hall.
April 29th Joe Loss and his Band at the South Parade Pier.
May 1st PT Classes for Young Women at the Foresters Hall, near Clive Road.
May 4th At the Carnegie Library, Fratton Road, the Portsmouth recorded Music Society present a classical programme.
A waltz contest at the Co-op Hall Fratton Road with the Savoy Rhythmic Band.
May 5th, Saturday, At Cowplain Social Club, Frank Stocker's Band, plus Brenda and her Xylophone.
May 7th Odeon Ballroom, Cosham(formerly the Ambassador Ballroom) dancing to Alan Green's Band with 'Tony'.
May 8th Last day of the war celebrated at the Empress Ballroom by over 1000 people.
The Empress Ballroom, Stubbington Avenue, North End..
May 11th Waltz contest at the Co-op Café Fratton Road with the Savoy Rhythmic Band.
May 12th, Saturday, Portsmouth unit of the ATC hold a dance at their Goldsmith Avenue HQ with the Melody Makers.
May 13th Billy Ternant and his band at the South Parade Pier.
May 17th At the Cosham Baptist Hall the Airspeed Choir and Choral Society give a performance in aid of the church building fund. The conductor was Mr. B. Bennett.
May 20th Eric Winstone and his Full Orchestra appear at the South Parade Pier.
Peter Brough with Archie Andrews appear at the Coliseum.
May 22nd At the Tramway Hall in Stubbington Avenue, the 'Tramway Girls' give a concert in aid of the Merchant Navy.
May 23rd Melody Makers at the Odeon Ballroom Cosham.
May 24th Reports of the death of Reginald Renison in the 'hands of the Japanese', he is a well known Portsmouth pianist and organist.
Alan Green's band at the Odeon Cosham.
May 30th Dancing at the Co-op Hall Fratton Road to Eric Madison 's Band
June 3rd Oscar Rabin and his Band appear at the South Parade Pier.
June 4th Dancing to Alf Hallman's Knights at Milton Church Hall.
June 5th At the Transport Hall in Stubbington Avenue, the Empress victory Club from Airspeed hold a reunion, with music from Harry Sutton's "Musicmasters" Band.
June 9th, Saturday, At the ATC HQ in Goldsmith Avenue, The Melody Makers play for dancing.
June 10th Maurice Winnick's Dorchester Follies Dance Orchestra at the South Parade Pier.
June 11 At the South Parade Pier, an 'outspoken play', by the Court Players, The Dominant Sex.
June 20th Cowplain Boys Club dance at St George's Hall Waterlooville, music by Miss Jennings Dance Band.
30 wounded soldiers from Alexandra hospital were entertained to tea at Langstone School and the EEM Dockyard Concert Party.
The Portsmouth Glee Club perform at the Central Hall Fratton Road a programme including, a selection of Gounod's Faust and others.
June 23rd, Saturday, Saturday, Cowplain Boys Club concert at the Deverall Hall Purbrook with Madame Cannaways Juveniles.
June 25th Alf Hallman's Knights play for dancing at Milton Church Hall.
June 26th Ministry of Information Film Show at the Havant Town Hall, films include 'USA' and 'Some like it rough'.
June 27th Concert by the Florence Greaves Singers at the London Road Baptist Church in aid of the British Limbless ex-Servicemen's Association.
June 29th At the Carnegie Library, the Portsmouth recorded music Society present, Beethoven, Haydn, Berlioz and Richard Strauss.
The Odeon Café Restaurant at the Ambassador Theatre Cosham for tea and light refreshments.
June 30th Saturday, The Savoy Orpheans Concert Party at the Angerstein Hall in aid of the British Limbless ex-Servicemen's Association.
At the Coliseum, Wilson Kepple and Betty and others.
July 1st Skyrockets Dance Orchestra at the South Parade Pier.
Vocal, Pianoforte, and oboe music was given at the Southsea Music Club.
July 8th Harry Parry and his Full Radio dance Orchestra at the South Parade Pier.
July 13th McIlroy's at North End were selling Cream Jigger Coats at 67/2d plus 12 coupons.
Juy 14th Len West and his Orchestra play at the American Depot Canteen(Hilsea?) Farewell Party of the civilian employees to their American Colleagues
July 15th Jack Payne and his Orchestra play for dancing.
July 18th At St Peter's Church, Southsea, the Portsmouth Choral Union present a recital of Bach and Brahms.
July 22nd Jack Jackson and his Band on South Parade Pier.
July 23rd Nat Gonella and his Geogians with Helen Mack and Alfred Proctor appear at the Court Royal Hotel Southampton.
July 25th At the Wesley Central Hall Fratton Road The Portsmouth Choral Society give a 'brilliant' performance.
July 29th Felix Mendelssohn and his Hawaiian Serenaders at South Parade Pier.
July 30th Lupino Lane in Me and my Gal at the Kings Theatre.
July 31st At Lyndhurst Road School, the Elmwood Social Club hold a dance with music from the Elmwood Clubsters Dance Band.
August 4th, Saturday, Southsea girl miss Jessica Lee Long is awarded a citation for exceptional meritorious service while serving as a member of the USO Camp shows, sometimes while under contant fire.
August 5th George Elrick and his Band appear at the South Parade Pier.
August 6th Fred Emney at the Kings Theatre in "Big Boy".
Bill Cole and his Clubmen are winners at the 1945 Metropolitan Swing Band Championships.
Harry Whitehead vocalist, late of Bertini's Broadcasting Band appears at St Patrick's Hall Winter Road
Melody Makers at the Oddfellows Hall.
August 11th Saturday, Melody Makers play at the ATC HQ in Goldsmith Avenue.
At the Ship and Bell Hotel Horndean, there's music for dancing from the Ace of Spades Band, admission 2/6d.
At the Coliseum, Gloria Gaye and her all Ladies Band.
August 12th Nat Gonella and his New Georgians at the South Parade Pier.
August 15th VJ Day
August 19th Eric Winstone and his Full Broadcast Orchestra at the South Parade Pier.
August 26th Saddlers Wells Ballet at the Kings Theatre.
Big Bill Campbell and his Rocky Mountain Rhythm are at the South Parade Pier, featuring, The Ranch Girls, and the Three Mounties.
August 27th Steffani and his 30 Silver Songsters appear at the Coliseum.
At the South Parade Pier, the popular summer season show, "After dinner", with George Doonan, Jimmy Edwards and others.
August 29th VJ parties are held throughout the City.
400 children were entertained at the Lake Road British Restaurant and 25 wounded ex-servicemen were guests of honour.
Entertainment was provided by the "Paulsgrove Atoms"
September 2nd Harry Parry and his Orchestra at the South Parade Pier.
September 3rd At Swears and Wells, an exhibition of Utility Furs for sale from £19.19s.0d.
Joe Davidson's New shop at 85 Kingston Crescent selling ladies dresses for 25/-d.
September 5th The "High Spots" Concert Party entertain at the SJAB Exhibition Drill Hall in Hampshire Terrace.
Alf Hallman and his band at the Odeon Ballroom, Cosham.
A Victory Civic Garden Party with 500 guests is held at St James Hospital with music from the Southampton Police Band provided the music.
September 6th Ad in the Evening News;- Mrs Rogers invites patrons old and new to an invitation matinee dance at the Unity Hall at 2-30pm.
September 7thThe "Casuals" concert party entertain at the SJAB Exhibition Drill Hall in Hampshire Terrace.
September 8th, Saturday, The Police Concert Party and choir entertain at the SJAB Exhibition Drill Hall in Hampshire Terrace.
September 9th The Royal Air Force Squadronaires at the South Parade Pier.
The WVS Garden Fete is held at "Beechlands" Bedhampton Hill with music from The Royal Naval Band.
September 12th The BBC's "Write a tune for £2,000." an entry and new composition by Portsmouth War reserve police constable Reginald Perrin was broadcast.
September 14th Swingcopators at the Co-operative Hall Garnier Street for a 'Grand Dance'
September 15th, Saturday, The Portsmouth Recorded Music Society meeting at the Carnegie Library present new recordings of Beethoven.
At a combined VJ party at the Free Church hall in Sixth Avenue, Mrs faro played the piano accordion, accompanied by Mrs Wake at the piano.
Vice Admiral M L Clarke held a garden party at his residence in the HM Dockyard with music from the band of the RN Barracks.
Randolph Sutton at the Coliseum.
September 16th Oscar Rabin and his Band at South Parade Pier.
September 18th After a six months tour in Italy, Arthur Rowberry and his band return home and will fulfil an engagement at the Empress Rooms.
September 19th 17 year old child star Shirley Temple is married in Los Angelos.
September 20th Ad in the Evening News, Bill May, trumpet, available Thursday and Friday evenings, 72, Locksway Road, Milton.
September 22nd, Saturday, Bill Cole and his Clubmen have gained third place in a dance band contest at the Hammersmith Palais de dance in London.
Individual awards were gained by Bill Cole piano, Nelson Peters bass, George Good drums.
Nat Gonella and his Georgians at the South Parade Pier.
The Southsea Music Club give a programme of pianoforte duets and vocal music.
A VJ party held for children in Bedhampton Road with local children and 12 children from the cottage homes at Cosham, Madame Cannaway and her troup provided the entertainment.
September 24th Matron and nurses from the Royal Hospital were entertained at the Royal Beach Hotel by local artistes and Jimmy Harris and his band.
For one week only Arthur Rowberry and his Radio Dance Band at the Empress Ballroom Stubbington Avenue North End.
September 25th The National Fire Service Dance Band play at a Victory Ball at the Tudor Crescent Drill Hall Cosham, organised by the East Cosham Victory Committee.
September 26th The St Simon's Symphony Orchestra give a recital at St Simon's Church.
September 28th Ad in the Evening News, by David Channon and his Orchestra looking for work.
September 29th, Saturday, The Heroes Hotel at Waterlooville have music from the National Fire Service Dance Band.
September 30th Phil Green and his Band play at the South Parade Pier.
Jacques String Orchestra at the Kings Theatre.
October 1st The Portsmouth Radical Club 314 Fratton Road, advertise in the Evening News for Adult Concert Parties.
October 2nd The National Fire Service Dance Band play at the Connaught Drill Hall Gosport as part of Gosport's Thanksgiving Week.
October 3rd Portsmouth Society of Yorkshiremen hold social gathering at the Royal Beach Hotel with music for dancing by Mrs. Crooks Band.
October 6th, Saturday, At the Wesley Central Hall "Grand Saturday Serenade Concert" by the St Simon's Orchestra and the Airspeed Choir.
October 7th Gosport Orchestral Society Concert with songs from Florence Greaves and Donald Cox.
Eric Winstone and his full Broadcasting Orchestra Band appear at the South Parade Pier.
A programme of madrigals was given at the Portsmouth Music Club by the St Cecilia Singers who are Joan Reynolds, Dorothy Wassell, John Ellison and Reginald Wassell.
October 8th Cavan O'Connor 'Only a strolling vagabond' appears at the Coliseum Theatre.
October 9th At the Tramways Hall, Stubbington Avenue, the Shop Assistant's dance and stage show.
October 11th The Florence Greaves singers and the Stringer Trio perform at the Angerstein Hall.
October 12th At the Melgrade Hall Fareham, Dancing every night to Reg Barrett and his band.
October 13th, Saturday, Frank Stockers Band at the Heroes Hotel Waterlooville.
St Joseph's Social Club at Copnor re-start after the war with a social and music from the Alma Dance Orchestra.
October 14th The Southern Philharmonic Orchestra appear at the Kings Theatre.
Carl Barriteau and his Orchestra appear at the South Parade Pier.
At the Masonic Hall in Cosham, Edythe Harrington and her Entertainers give a concert in aid of funds for the Goodwyns Boys Club, Cosham.
October 19th The Cosham General Efforts Association held a ball at the Tudor Crescent Drill Hall with music from the RAF Thorney Island Dance Orchestra.
October 21st Troise and his Mandoliers appear at the South Parade Pier
October 22nd At the Kings Theatre for the two weeks, the Carlos Rosa Opera will perform a selection of Popular operas.
October 24th The Portsmouth Choral and Orchestral Society present an appearance of world famous violinist Max Rostal at the Central Hall, Fratton Road.
November 1st At the South Parade Pier, Oscar Rabin's band play at a Portsmouth and district Licensed Victualler Benevolent Ball.
November 3rd At the Angerstein Hall, Search for Talent Competition.
November 5th A new venue opens at Cosham, The Kit Kat, (adjoining the Trades Hall) with dancing Monday to Saturday with Brian's Gaiety Club Band.
November 7th Erskine Motors have their Victory Carnival Ball at Lee Tower, with music from Bert Osborn's Full Broadcasting Band.
The Northern Music Club is formed in Portsmouth to produce a light orchestra of at least 25 members, as well as a rhythm section and an accordion band, secretary Mr. R. Perkins, 30 Fearon Road.
November 10th, Saturday, The melody Makers appear at the Angerstein Hall for the St George's Athletic FC Dance.
November 11th The Accordion Club meets at the Tramways Hall.
November 12th Oscar Rabin and his Band at the South Parade Pier.
Cicely Courtneidge appears at the Kings Theatre in "Under the counter".
Hetty King appears at the Coliseum.
November 14th The Portsmouth Glee Club perform "Elijah" at the Wesley Central Hall Fratton Road, "a perfection"!.
November 15th Alf Hallman and his Band at the Co-op Hall Garnier Street.
At the Cosham Masonic Hall, music from Costabadle and his Tone and Rhythm Band.
November 17th At the Angerstein hall, dancing to Melodians Dance Band for the EEM Sports Club dance.
Jimmy Harris band
November 19th Phil Green and his band at the South Parade Pier.
Harold Ramsey and his Electric Organ at the Coliseum.
November 29th A Grand Ball and Caberet at the South Parade Pier, dancing to the Augmented Orchestra of Wally Fry.
Dancing nightly at the Kit Kat Dance Saloon, Cosham.
November 30th Melgrade Hall Fareham music from David Channon and the All Star Quintet.
Hilsea Lido Ballroom dancing each evening to The Melody Makers.
Ad in the Evening News;- Dance pianist, Dick Whichello late Empress Ballroom available for gigs 90, Ebery Grove, Copnor.
December 1st, Saturday, Ad in the Evening News;- Owing to the closing of the Co-operative Hall, dances will be held at Unity Hall on Mondays, and the Tramway and Electricity Hall North End on Tuesday.
December 3rd Eric Winstone and his Famous Broadcasting band at the South Parade Pier.
David Channon and his All Star Quintette play at the St James' Hall Milton.
December 5th Matinee dance at the Waterloo Hall Waterlooville.
Bill Cole and his Clubmen playing for two nights at the Lee Tower.
December 6th Wally Fry and his Collegians play for the Lord Mayor's Victory Ball at South Parade Pier.
December 10th Felix Mendelsshon and his Hawaiian Serenades at the South Parade Pier.
David Channon, his electric guitar and his Orchestra at the St James Hall, Milton.
Ad in the Evening News;- Portsmouth Radio Relay Service suppliers of first class wireless to the public.
December 12th Old Thyme Dance every Wednesday at the Garden Club, Portsdown Road, Drayton.
Cosham Division of the City Police hold a dance at Cosham Masonic Hall with music from the City Police Band.
December 13th Bill Cole and his Clubmen play at Lee Tower.
Leetham Twilfit, the Portsmouth Corset makers, have a dance at the South Parade Pier with music from Wally Fry and his Collegians and also the Police Band. More than 1000 attended.
December 14th at the Portchester Parish Hall, the Portchester Labour Party have the DeReske Band playing for dancing.
December 15th, Saturday, The Portsmouth Music Club at 73a Victoria Road South present a programme including the Moonlight Sonata.
At the Havant Drill Hall, David Channon's band play music for the Cadet Force Dance.
December 16th The Portsmouth Choral Union sing Carols and Christmas music at the Coliseum Theatre.
December 17th The Skyrockets Dance Orchestra directed by Paul Fenoulhet at the South Parade Pier was firstly advertised, and then later The Squadronairs Dance Orchestra.
Could it be the same band?
Ad in the Evening News;- Dance band any size, 10 Kenyon Road North End.
December 18th Dancing nightly at the Ace of Clubs Ballroom, Crossways, Gosport to the Roy Allen and All Star band.
December 19th A festival of Carols at St Mary's Church Portsmouth in aid of the
Lord mayor's charities.
December 20th Ad in the Evening News;- Pro tenor Clarinet available Ex London, Wilkens, 87 Simpson Road.
December 21st 400 children at Victory Party at the Oddfellows Hall with entertainment from Miss Irene White's Juvenile Entertainers.
December 24th Three bands on the South Parade Pier, Barry Wicks and his 'Navy Blues', Wally Fry and his Collegians and Bill Cole and his Clubmen.
Ad in the Evening News. The Merry Macs Dance Band available, J Bailey 175 Avery Lane Brockhurst.
December 26th Again, three bands on the South Parade Pier, Barry Wicks and his 'Navy Blues', Wally Fry and his Collegians and Bill Cole and his Clubmen.
Panto at the Kings Theatre, Dick Whittington.
December 27th Damage to the Pier under structure has meant transferring evening dance from the minor hall to the pavilion.
The Police Ball on January 10th is postponed until March.
December 28th At the Petersfield Town hall, music from Jimmy Harris' Dance Orchestra.
December 29th The Drayton and Farlington Conservative Association Ball at the Municipal Restaurant in Drayton and music from the National Fire Service Band.
December 31st Jack Leon and his Famous Radio Dance Band at South Parade Pier.
At St Faith's Hall Havant music from Madame Courtney's Band from Hayling Island.
At Hart Plain School Cowplain dance with music from Frank Stocker's Band.
Thoughts on the year.
Who were those band leaders?
Who was Robbie, and Brian, and who was Nancarrow?
Sadly we will probably never know.
The above is all taken from the pages of the Evening News, and during those war years, the paper was thin and only 8 pages, and detail was not always available.
1945 was showing hope after the fraught years of the war.
Entertainment venues were re-opening and life seemed to be getting back to pre-war normality despite the tight grip of rationing.
Several band residencies, including Alf Hallman and his Band at the Ambasador Cosham and regular well known guest band appearances at the Savoy Ballroom, and the South Parade Pier.